Managing wild bog blueberry, lingonberry, cloudberry and crowberry stands in Alaska. 2006. by Patricia S. Holloway. Natural Resources Conservation Service Publ. 12p.

Methods of managing wild stands including plant removal, pollinators, fertilization and more for optimum wild berry production. Discussion includes flowering biology of Vaccinium uliginosum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Rubus chamaemorus, and Empetrum nigrum.


Vegetative Growth and nutrient levels of lingonberries grown in four Alaskan substrates. 1982 by Patricia S. Holloway. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 62: 969-977.

Vegetative growth of lingonberries was observed on plants growing in four unsterilized native Alaska substrates: coarsely ground Lemeta peat, Fairbanks silt loam soils, a mixture of peat and soil, and washed very fine Chena sandy loam soils. Following three growing seasons, plants in the peat treat emnt grew the best. The leaves in all other treatments showed varying degrees of chlorosis and reddening. Differences were found in whole-plant tissue samples of N, P, K, Mn, Fe, Zn and Al.


Chilling and budbreak in lingonberries, Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. 1983 by Patricia S. Holloway. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 108(1):88-90.

THree seedling populations of longonberries fron Fairbanks, Alaska, Oulu, Finland and Pasvik River Valley, Norway were exposed to up to 1185 hours of continuous chilling (4C0 temperatures to determine chilling requirements necessary to satisfy rest. Both Finnish  and Alaskan populations required at least 681 hours of chilling for maximum bud break. Continuous chilling for 1185 hours was insufficient to obtain complete budbreak in the Norwegian population. At least 681 hours was necessary to achieve normal flowering in the Finnish population.


Lingonberry Cultivation. 1984 by Patricia S. Holloway. Agroborealis. 16(2):15-20.

Methods of cultivating wild lingonberries, commercial interests, pollination, effect of soils, shade, and methods of propagation.


Gibberellic Acid-induced fruiting of lingonberries, Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. subsp. minus. 1982 by Patricia S. Holloway. HortScience. 17(6):953-954.

A single application of 50, 100 or 500 mg.l GA during 75% full bloom induced seedless fruit development in lingonberries growing in their native habitat in Alaska. Fruit set was increased by the 500 mg/l treatment in the absence of insect pollinators. Fruit set was not increased by GA in open-pollinated plants. Berry weight and diameter were unaffected by GA treatment.

The University of Alaska Fairbanks Georgeson Botanical Garden, PO Box 757200, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775 (907) 474-1944, gbgardensuaf@gmail.com